Funded by: FCT [PTDC/CLE-LIN/120017/2010]
Start: 21 March 2012
End: 20 July 2015


Partners

Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa (FLUL)
Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto (FLUP)
Columbia University (CU)


Research Team

Researchers:
Ana Isabel Mata – CLUL (Project coordinator)
Ana Lúcia Santos – CLUL
Anabela Gonçalves – CLUL
Andreia Querido - FLUL
Diana Machado – CLUP
Fátima Oliveira – CLUP
Fátima Silva – CLUP
Fernando Batista – INESC-ID
Helena Moniz – CLUL (FCT BI grantee 2013-2014)
Inês Duarte – CLUL
Isabel Falé – CLUL
Julia Hirschberg – CU
Luísa Loura – CEAUL
Telmo Móia – CLUL
Vera Cabarrão - CLUL

Consultants:
Andrew Rosenberg – CUNY
Sophie Repp – Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

 
Summary

The main purpose of this project is to determine how intonational and syntactic resources are deployed by speakers (i) to convey contrast associated with topic, common ground and new information at different hierarchical levels (constituents, sentences, question/answer pairs, adjacent turns) and (ii) to construct parallelism in expositive-argumentative contexts. Thus, COPAS addresses a fundamental problem of linguistic inquiry, the architecture of grammar, insofar as it will work on interfaces among different grammar modules (syntax, prosody, semantics) and between grammar and other modules involved in language use, such as information structure.

Hence, COPAS will focus on a set of concepts from information structure and semantics relevant for the study of the above mentioned interfaces: Contrast, Givenness, Aboutness, Newness, core concepts in the definition of both marked and unmarked Topic and Focus. In order to assess interface relations among information structure, syntax and intonation, COPAS will concentrate on syntactic structures involving “discourse-driven” activation of the peripheries (through Move and Merge) and related intonational structures (pitch accents types/tunes). We will consider different types of (i) left and right dislocations (including topicalizations and antitopics); (ii) clefts (including reduced clefts in fragment answers); (iii) syntactic and prosodic parallel structures.

Although the interaction between intonational and syntactic patterns and the role intonational variation plays in information packaging have received an increasing interest in recent years, and systematic correlations between information structure and intonation have been proposed [Pierrehumbert & Hirschberg, 1990] – in particular, an association between certain pitch accent/contour types and topics/foci has been claimed for different languages [Pierrehumbert, 1980; Steedman, 2000; Büring, 2003] - few empirical studies have explored these links using naturally occurring speech. As for Portuguese, these links remain insufficiently understood as prosodic research based on speech outside a laboratory setting is fairly recent [Mata, 1999] and most of the published work concerns phrasing. Moreover, experiments of ToBI-like prosodic annotation of spontaneous speech corpora are also fairly recent and, although the first proposal Towards a P_ToBI [Viana et al., 2007] is useful for manual annotation, a tool for automatic annotation as AuToBI [Rosenberg, 2010] is not yet available for Portuguese. A major goal of this project is to contribute to fill these gaps.

The study of this type of interactions is theoretically important, as it increases our knowledge of the nature of the language module and it may contribute to answer open questions regarding strategies to convey Contrast and to construct Parallelism in human speech communication. The results of COPAS are expected to contribute to build models integrating intonation patterns in spoken language processing in a more natural way. They are also expected to contribute to the field of Educational Linguistics, since awareness of the interplay of multilevel linguistic resources in spoken discourse is a basis on which to develop sophisticated skills and strategies of language use.

In what concerns adult grammar, the main goals of COPAS are (i) to determine whether Contrast is intonationally encoded in a similar way across different syntactic structures; (ii) to determine whether different syntactic processes, which may generate left and right dislocations and clefts, have distinct intonational correlates; (iii) to determine which syntactic and intonation parallelism strategies speakers use to build utterance sequences with the property of textuality in monologues and dialogues.

COPAS has two major milestones – the first account of intonation-syntax-discourse interactions resulting from naturally occurring speech analyses (M3) and the integrated final account, capitalizing on results from perception and comprehension experiments (M5) – one initial milestone and two intermediate milestones. Research strategies comprise (i) the annotation of a selected working corpus representative of different communication contexts, including dialogues and monologues by adults, teenagers and children, (ii) automatic ToBI prosodic annotation experiments using subsets of the annotated materials, (iii) multilevel (qualitative and quantitative) analyses of intonation-syntax-discourse interactions, (iv) perceptual and comprehension experiments designed to assess the effects of the correlations found.

COPAS is an innovative project on Portuguese and in Portugal, insofar as it brings together a multidisciplinary research team with the resources, knowledge and expertise that allows an integrated approach to intonation-syntax-discourse interactions.



Final workshop

Prosody-syntax-semantics interfaces in Portuguese: exploring spontaneous speech corpora. 2-3 July 2015, Anfiteatro II, Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa.
Program: http://www.clul.ul.pt/files/Program_2-3July_workshop.pdf



Output

Publications

Journal papers

Machado, Diana, Fátima Silva & Fátima Oliveira (2015). O Tópico no Discurso Oral: Anotação e Caracterização de Diferentes Tópicos em Corpora de Fala. Círculo de Lingüística Aplicada a la Comunicación 62: 226-253. http://dx.doi.org/10.5209/rev_CLAC.2015.v62.49505

Mata, Ana Isabel, Helena Moniz & Fernando Batista (2014). Comparing phrase-final patterns across speech styles and age groups in European Portuguese. Nouveaux Cahiers de Linguistique Française 31 / 2014: 171-176. http://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=4838491

Moniz, Helena, Fernando Batista, Ana Isabel Mata & Isabel Trancoso (2014). Speaking style effects in the production of disfluencies. Speech Communication 65: 20-35.
 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167639314000430

Batista, Fernando, Helena Moniz, Isabel Trancoso, Nuno Mamede, Ana Isabel Mata (2012). Extending Automatic Transcripts in a Unified Data Representation towards a Prosodic-based Metadata Annotation and Evaluation. Journal of Speech Sciences, vol. 2, n. 2, December 2012: 113-136.
 http://www.journalofspeechsciences.org/index.php/journalofspeechsciences/issue/view/25


Refereed conference proceedings & book chapters

Mata, Ana Isabel, Helena Moniz & Fernando Batista (2015, in press). Stylistic variation in the intonation of European Portuguese teenagers and adults. In Meghan E. Armstrong, Nicholas Henriksen & Maria del Mar Vanrell (eds.), Interdisciplinary approaches to intonational grammar in Ibero-Romance. John Benjamins, Amsterdam/ Philadelphia.

Moniz, Helena, Fernando Batista, Ana Isabel Mata & Isabel Trancoso (2015, in press). Towards automatic language processing and intonational labeling in European Portuguese. In Meghan E. Armstrong, Nicholas Henriksen & Maria del Mar Vanrell (eds.), Interdisciplinary approaches to intonational grammar in Ibero-Romance. John Benjamins, Amsterdam/ Philadelphia.

Duarte, Inês, Ana Lúcia Santos & Silvana Abalada (2015). Periferias Esquerda e Direita: Assimetrias. In Textos Seleccionados do XXX ENCONTRO NACIONAL DA APL, FL, Universidade do Porto.

Mata, Ana Isabel, Helena Moniz, Telmo Móia, Anabela Gonçalves, Fátima Silva, Fernando Batista, Inês Duarte, Fátima Oliveira, Isabel Falé (2014). Prosodic, syntactic, semantic guidelines for topic structures across domains and corpora. Proceedings 9th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation - LREC 2014, European Language Resources Association (ELRA): 1188-1193.

Mata, Ana Isabel, Helena Moniz, Fernando Batista, Julia Hirschberg (2014). Teenage and adult speech in school context: building and processing a corpus of European Portuguese. Proceedings 9th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation - LREC 2014, European Language Resources Association (ELRA): 3914-3919.

Moniz, Helena, Ana Isabel Mata, Julia Hirschberg, Fernando Batista, Andrew Rosenberg, Isabel Trancoso (2014). Extending AuToBI to prominence detection in European Portuguese. Proceedings Speech Prosody 2014, Dublin: 280-284.

Móia, Telmo, Anabela Gonçalves & Inês Duarte (2014). Marcação explícita de tópicos com a locução prepositiva quanto a e afins. In Textos Seleccionados do XXIX Encontro Nacional da APL, FL Universidade de Coimbra: 381-393.

Cabarrão, Vera & Ana Isabel Mata (2014). Constituintes afirmativos em Português Europeu: propriedades prosódicas e discursivas. In Textos Seleccionados do XXIX Encontro Nacional da APL, FL Universidade de Coimbra: 121-137.

Moniz, Helena, Fernando Batista, Isabel Trancoso, Ana Isabel Mata (2013). Discriminação automática de sinais de pontuação e de disfluências. In Textos Seleccionados do XXIX Encontro Nacional da APL, FL Universidade de Coimbra: 395-405.

Moniz, Helena, Fernando Batista, Isabel Trancoso, Ana Isabel Mata (2013). Automatic structural metadata identification based on multilayer prosodic information. Proceedings of DiSS 2013: The 6th Workshop on Disfluency in Spontaneous Speech. Interspeech 2013 satellite workshop, Stockholm, Sweden: 49-52.

Mata, Ana Isabel (2012). Intonational differences between speech tasks in school context. In A. Botinis (ed.), Proceedings of the 5th ISEL Conference on Experimental Linguistics, ExLing 2012, Athens, Greece: 81-84.

Cabarrão, Vera & Ana Isabel Mata (2012). Prosodic and pragmatic properties of affirmative words in European Portuguese. In A. Botinis (ed.), Proceedings of the 5th ISEL Conference on Experimental Linguistics, ExLing 2012, Athens, Greece: 33-36.

Moniz, Helena, Fernando Batista, Ana Isabel Mata, Isabel Trancoso (2012). Analysis of disfluencies in a corpus of university lectures. In A. Botinis (ed.), Proceedings of the 5th ISEL Conference on Experimental Linguistics, ExLing 2012, Athens, Greece: 89-92.

Moniz, Helena, Fernando Batista, Isabel Trancoso, Ana Isabel Mata (2012). Prosodic context-based analysis of disfluencies. In Proceedings of Interspeech 2012, ISCA, Portland, Oregon, U.S.A.


MA Theses completed

Cabarrão, Vera (2013). Respostas Afirmativas em Diálogos Espontâneos em Português Europeu (Interface Prosódia-Sintaxe-Discurso). FL, Universidade de Lisboa. [The dissertation received the Research Prize of the Portuguese Linguistics Society (APL) in 2014.] http://hdl.handle.net/10451/9715

Machado, Diana (2013). O tópico no discurso oral: anotação de diferentes tipos de tópico num corpus de discurso oral. FL, Universidade do Porto. http://hdl.handle.net/10216/72446 


Presentations 

Refereed communications & poster presentations

Duarte, Inês, Ana Lúcia Santos & Silvana Abalada (2014). Periferias Esquerda e Direita: Assimetrias. XXX ENCONTRO NACIONAL DA APL, University of Porto, APL, Oct. 2014.

Moniz, Helena, Ana Isabel Mata, Julia Hirschberg, Fernando Batista, Andrew Rosenberg, Isabel Trancoso (2014). Predição de proeminência prosódica com base no sistema automático AuToBI. XXX Encontro Nacional da APL. University of Porto, APL, Oct. 2014.

Mata, Ana Isabel, Helena Moniz, Telmo Móia, Anabela Gonçalves, Fátima Silva, Fernando Batista, Ines Duarte, Fátima Oliveira, Isabel Falé (2014). A relação prosódia-sintaxe-discurso: anotação e análise de estruturas de tópico em corpora de fala espontânea. XXX Encontro Nacional da APL. University of Porto, APL, Oct. 2014.

Mata, Ana Isabel, Helena Moniz, Fernando Batista (2014). Comparing phrase-final patterns across speech styles and groups in European Portuguese. 3rd SWIP – Swiss Workshop on Prosody, University of Geneva, September 2014.

Mata, Ana Isabel, Helena Moniz, Telmo Móia, Anabela Gonçalves, Fátima Silva, Fernando Batista, Inês Duarte, Fátima Oliveira, Isabel Falé (2014). Prosodic, syntactic, semantic guidelines for topic structures across domains and corpora. 9th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, LREC 2014, Reykjavik, Iceland, May 2014.

Mata, Ana Isabel, Helena Moniz, Fernando Batista, Julia Hirschberg (2014). Teenage and adult speech in school context: building and processing a corpus of European Portuguese. 9th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation, LREC 2014, Reykjavik, Iceland, May 2014.

Moniz, Helena, Ana Isabel Mata, Julia Hirschberg, Fernando Batista, Andrew Rosenberg, Isabel Trancoso (2014). Extending AuToBI to prominence detection in European Portuguese. Speech Prosody 2014, Dublin, Ireland, May 2014.

Abalada, Silvana, Inês Duarte & Ana Lúcia Santos (2014). Left and right peripheries: asymmetries24th Colloquium on Generative Grammar, in honor of Violeta Demonte, Madrid, Spain, May 2014.

Machado, Diana, Fátima Silva, Fátima Oliveira (2014). O tópico no discurso oral: anotação e caracterização de diferentes tópicos em corpora de fala. XLIII Simposio Internacional de la Sociedad Española de Lingüística, Facultad de Letras de la Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain, Jan. 2014.

Móia, Telmo, Anabela Gonçalves e Inês Duarte (2013). Marcação explícita de tópicos com a locução prepositiva quanto a e afins. XXIX Encontro Nacional da APL, FL Universidade de Coimbra, Oct. 2013.

Cabarrão, Vera & Ana Isabel Mata (2013). Constituintes afirmativos em Português Europeu: propriedades prosódicas e discursivas. XXIX Encontro Nacional da APL, FL Universidade de Coimbra, Oct. 2013.

Moniz, Helena, Fernando Batista, Isabel Trancoso, Ana Isabel Mata (2013). Discriminação automática de sinais de pontuação e de disfluências. XXIX Encontro Nacional da APL, FL Universidade de Coimbra, Oct. 2013.

Moniz, Helena, Fernando Batista, Isabel Trancoso, Ana Isabel Mata (2013). Automatic structural metadata identification based on multilayer prosodic information. DiSS 2013: The 6th Workshop on Disfluency in Spontaneous Speech. Interspeech 2013 satellite workshop, Stockholm, Sweden, August 2013.

Moniz, H., Fernando Batista, Ana Isabel Mata, Isabel Trancoso (2013). Towards automatic speech processing and intonational labeling for different speaking styles. Workshop Advancing Prosodic Transcription for Spoken Language Science and Technology II. Satellite workshop sponsored by the Association of Laboratory Phonology, held in conjunction with PaPI 2013, Lisbon, Portugal, June 2013.

Moniz, Helena, Fernando Batista, Isabel Trancoso, Ana Isabel Mata (2012). Prosodic context-based analysis of disfluencies. Interspeech 2012, ISCA, Portland, Oregon, U.S.A., September 2012.

Mata, Ana Isabel (2012). Intonational differences between speech tasks in school context. 5th ISEL Conference on Experimental Linguistics, ExLing 2012, Athens, Greece, August 2012.

Cabarrão, Vera & Ana Isabel Mata (2012). Prosodic and pragmatic properties of affirmative words in European Portuguese. 5th ISEL Conference on Experimental Linguistics, ExLing 2012, Athens, Greece, August 2012.

Moniz, Helena, Fernando Batista, Ana Isabel Mata, Isabel Trancoso (2012). Analysis of disfluencies in a corpus of university lectures. 5thISEL Conference on Experimental Linguistics, ExLing 2012, Athens, Greece, August 2012.


Invited Talks

Moniz, Helena, Ana Isabel Mata, Julia Hirschberg, Fernando Batista, Andrew Rosenberg, Isabel Trancoso. Extending AuToBI to prominence detection in European Portuguese. Presentation given by H. Moniz at the Capri Prominence Workshop (Ass. Italiana Scienze della Voce, Oct. 2014).

Inês Duarte, Ana Isabel Mata, Anabela Gonçalves, Telmo Móia, Fernando Batista, Helena Moniz. Exploring European Portuguese Spontaneous Speech: Prosodic, Syntactic and Pragmatic Annotation Guidelines across Domains and Corpora. Presentation given by I. Duarte & A.I. Mata at the Workshop on New Trends in Spoken Corpora (Univ. of Santiago de Compostela, Sept. 2015).