Name: Palmira Marrafa

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Academic Degree:
PhD

Professional Status: Professor of Linguistics and Computational Linguistics

CLUL's Research Sector: CLG- Group for the Computation of Lexical and Grammatical Knowledge

Research Areas: Computational Lexical Semantics and Syntax

Other Research Areas: Syntax-Semantics Interface, Symbolic Grammar Modeling, Machine Translation

CLG webpage:
http://www.clul.ul.pt/clg/eng/equipa/PalmiraMarrafa.html

 

 


Academic Degrees:

  • 1994: PhD in Linguistics, Universidade de Lisboa
  • 1985: Master in Linguistics, Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa (FLUL)
  • 1978: Bachelor in Literature, FLUL

 


Present Positions:

  • Professor at the General and Romance Linguistics Department at FLUL - Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa (Faculty of Arts, University of Lisbon) 
  • Head Researcher and Scientific Coordinator of CLG - Group for the Computation of Lexical and Grammatical Knowledge (CLUL)
  • Director of the post-graduate specialization in "Tecnologias da Tradução (Translation Tecnologies)", FLUL
  • Director of the post-graduate specialization in "Prática de Tradução (Translation Pratice)", FLUL
  • Director of the course on "Tradução e Tecnologias de Informação Linguística (Translation and Linguistic Information Technologies)", Instituto Camões/FLUL e-learning program
  • Director of the minor in Natural Language Processing of the BA in Arts and Humanities (FLUL)
  • Member of the Scientific Council of CLUL
  • Member of the Editorial Commitee of the Revista da ABRALIN (Associação Brasileira de Lingüística)
  • Member of the Scientific Commitee of the journal In Cognito

 


Research Projects:

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Advanced Training Supervision


 In Progress

  • PhD dissertation
    Author:  Shiv Kumar Singh
    Title: Extracção de Matrizes Conceptuais de Léxicos Computacionais para Processamento de Línguas Naturais (Extraction of Conceptual Matrices from Computational Lexica for Natural Language Processing)
    Scientific Domain: Computational Linguistics 
    Institution: University of Lisbon
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  • MA dissertation
    Author: Giorgia Barberis
    Title: Italiano Controlado para Tradução Automática: Italiano->Português
    (Controlled Italian for Machine Translation: Italian->Portuguese)                                                               
    Scientific Domain: Translation
    Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts 
  •  MA dissertation
    Author: Marianna Buchicchio
    Title: Português Controlado para Tradução Automática: Português->Italiano                                              (Controlled Portuguese for Machine Translation: Portuguese->Italian)                                             Scientific Domain: Translation                                                                                                                   Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts
  • MA dissertation
    Author: Gilbertha Manga
    Title: Les Constitutions de la Congregation des filles du Saint Coeur de Marie: Tradução e análise das problemáticas envolvidas                                                                                                                   Scientific Domain: Translation                                                                                                       Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts                                                               
  • MA dissertation
    Author: Gregório Domingo da Rocha
    Title: Para uma WordNet bilingue Português/Chinês: domínio semântico da Construção Civil              Scientific Domain: Translation                                                                                                           Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts
  • MA dissertation
    Author: Gaspar Garcia
    Title: Especificações para uma WordNet bilingue Português-Chinês: domínio semântico do Ambiente     Scientific Domain: Translation                                                                                                           Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts



Concluded

  • Post-PhD project

       Author: Raquel Amaro
      Title: Semiautlex.pt - Semi-automatic contruction of relational lexica for Portuguese
      Scientific Domain: Computational Linguistics
      Institution: FCT/CLUL

  • Post-PhD project
    Author: Sara Mendes
    Title: Automatic Acquisition of Synonymy Relations for the production of lexical resources
    Scientific Domain: Computational Linguistics
    Institution: FCT/CLUL
  • PhD dissertation
    Author: Raquel Fonseca Amaro
    Title: Computation of Verbal Predicates in Portuguese: relational network, lexical-conceptual structure and context - the case of verbs of movement
    Scientific Domain: Computational Linguistics
    Institution: University of Lisbon (co-supervisor: Christiane Fellbaum, Princeton University)
    Status: approved in April 2010 (with honors)
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  • PhD dissertation
    Author: Sara Gonçalves Pedro Parente Mendes
    Title: Syntax and Semantics of Adjectives in Portuguese: analysis and modelling
    Scientific Domain: Computational Linguistics
    Institution: University of Lisbon
    Status: approved in January 2010 (with honors)
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  • PhD dissertation
    Author: Gabriela Betania Hinrichs Conteratto
    Title: Adjectivos: uma representação Linguístico-Computacional (Adjectives: Linguistic and Computational modelling)
    Scientific Domain: Applied Linguistics
    Institution: Catholic University (Pontifícia Universidade Católica) of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (co-supervisor; supervisor: Ana Maria Tramunt Ibaños, PUC RS)
    Status: approved in January 2009 (with honors)
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  • PhD dissertation
    Author: Magdiel Medeiros Aragão Neto
    Title: Enriquecimento Semântico da HPSG e definição de Argumento como uma Estrutura de Traços (Enriching HPSG Semantics - defining arguments as feature structures)
    Scientific Domain: Linguistics
    Institution: Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Brazil (co-supervisor; supervisor: Heronides Moura,UFSC)
    Status: approved in December 2007
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  • PhD dissertation
    Author: Rui Pedro da Costa Chaves
    Title: Coordinate Structures - Contraint-based Syntax-Semantics Processing
    Scientific Domain: Computational Linguistics
    Institution: University of Lisbon (supervisor; co-supervisor: Ivan Sag, Stanford University)
    Status: approved in December 2007 (with honors)
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  • PhD dissertation
    Author: António Manuel Horta Branco
    Title: The Syntax-Semantics Interface in Portuguese - A Grammar Engineering Approach
    Scientific Domain: Computational Linguistics
    Institution: University of Lisbon (supervisor; co-supervisors: José Luiz Fiadeiro, FCUL, and Hans Uzskoreit, Saarland University)
    Status: approved in December 1999 (with honors)

 

  • MA dissertation
    Author: Annalisa Zamagni
    Title:     Italiano Controlado para a Tradução Automática (Italiano-Português) - Linguagem Especializada: Informática                                                                                                                              Scientific Domain: Translation                                                                                                           Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts                                                                                           Status: Approved 2015   (19/20)
  • MA dissertation
    Author: Delphine Servoz-Gavin           
    Title: Estratégias de preparação para a interpretação duma conferência : do aprendiz ao profissional
    Scientific Domain: Conference Interpreting
    Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts                                                                                     Status: approved 2015                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
  • MA dissertation
    Author: Ana Paula Pinto da Fonseca
    Title: 
    Scientific Domain: Translation 
    Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts
    Status: approved 2015
  • MA dissertation
    Author: Daniel Francisco Muando
    Title: Translation and Translation Report of An Appraisal of the Mutual Impact Between Globalization and Human Rights in Africa (N.S. Okogbule, 2012)
    Scientific Domain: Translation 
    Institution: Pedagogical University of Mozambique, FLCA (co-supervisor: Carla Maciel)
    Status: approved in January 2013
  • MA dissertation
    Author: Olívio Santos Simão
    Title: Translation and Translation Report of Rapport économique sur l'Afrique, 2011 (Comission économique pour l'Afrique - Union Africaine)
    Scientific Domain: Translation 
    Institution: Pedagogical University of Mozambique, FLCA (co-supervisor: César Cumbe)
    Status: approved in January 2013
  • MA dissertation
    Author: Ezequiel Marcos Nhantumbo
    Title: Translation and Translation Report of Spiritual Turism: Religion ans Spirituality in Contemporary Travel (Alex Norman, 2004)
    Scientific Domain: Translation 
    Institution: Pedagogical University of Mozambique, FLCA (co-supervisor: Sarita Monjane-Hentiksen)
    Status: approved in January 2013
  • MA dissertation
    Author: Ana Lucrécia Madeira Gomes
    Title: Tradução Automática e Linguagens Controladas: contributos para um Português Controlado (Machine Translation and Controlled Languages: a contribution for a Controlled Portuguese)
    Scientific Domain: Translation (Translation Engineering)
    Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts
    Status: approved in October 2011
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  • MA dissertation
    Author: Náheda Ibrahimo
    Title: Para uma Tradução Automática baseada em conhecimento: especificação da modificação e da predicação adjectival (Knowledge-based Machine Translation: specifications regarding adjective modification and adjective predication)
    Scientific Domain: Translation (Translation Engineering)
    Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts
    Status: approved in November 2010 (19/20)
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  • MA dissertation
    Author: Nuno Clérigo
    Title: Sobre as especificações e virtualidades do LexTec Jurídico como recurso computacional para a Tradução (On the specifications and advantages of LexTec-Law as a computational resource for Translation)
    Scientific Domain: Translation (Translation Engineering)
    Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts
    Status: approved in November 2010 (18/20)
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  • MA dissertation
    Author: Florbela Gois Barreto
    Title: Troponímia em Português: especificações para uma base de dados relacional (Troponymy in Portuguese: specifications for a relational database)
    Scientific Domain: Linguistics (NLP Technologies and Methodologies)
    Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts
    Status:  approved in December 2002 (A)
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  • MA dissertation
    Author: Raquel Fonseca Amaro
    Title: Posição do Adjectivo e Ligação Selectiva: especificações para a computação do significado (Adjective Position and Selective Binding: specifications for meaning computation)
    Scientific Domain: Linguistics (NLP Technologies and Methodologies)
    Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts
    Status: approved in December 2002 (A)
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  • MA dissertation
    Author: Rui Pedro da Costa Chaves
    Title: Fundamentos para uma Gramática Computacional do Português: uma abordagem lexicalista (Foundations for a Computational Grammar of Portuguese: a lexicalist approach)
    Scientific Domain: Linguistics (NLP Technologies and Methodologies)
    Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts
    Status: approved in December 2002 (A)
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  • MA dissertation
    Author: Sandra Cristina dos Santos Antunes
    Title: Computação da Polissemia Regular em Português (Computation of Regular Polysemy in Portuguese)
    Scientific Domain: Linguistics (NLP Technologies and Methodologies)
    Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts
    Status: approved in December 2002 (A)
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  • MA dissertation
    Author: Maria João Ferro
    Title: Especificações para a representação de predicados no quadro de um Léxico Estruturado (Specifications for the representation of predicates in a Structured Lexicon framework)
    Scientific Domain: Linguistics
    Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts (co-supervisor; supervisor: Maria Antónia Mota)
    Status: approved in March 2002 (A)
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  • MA dissertation
    Author: Cláudia Moura Dias Pinto
    Title: Para a computação da polissemia nominal em Português (For the computation of nominal polysemy in Portuguese)
    Scientific Domain: Linguistics
    Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts
    Status: approved in December 2001 (A)
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  • MA dissertation
    Author: José Cipriano Catarino
    Title: Para o processamento de argumentos não realizados in situ (Computation of overt arguments not in situ)
    Scientific Domain: Linguistics
    Institution: University of Lisbon, Faculty of Arts
    Status: approved in December 2001 (A)


Publications:


2014

2013

  • Amaro, Raquel, Sara Mendes & Palmira Marrafa (2013), “Increasing Density through New Relations and PoS Encoding in WordNet.PT”, in International Journal of Computational Linguistics and Applications, ISSN 0976-0962; (also in Proc. of the 14th International Conference on Intelligent Text Processing and Computational Linguistics (CICLing 2013), Samos, Greece, March 24-30 2013)


2012

  • Marrafa, Palmira, Raquel Amaro, Nuno Freire & Sara Mendes (2012), "Controlled Portuguese: coping with ambiguity", in Third Workshop on Controlled Natural Languages (CNL 2012), LNAI series, Berlin, Springer-Verlag, pp.152-166.
  • Marrafa, Palmira, Jana Benková Marcelliová, Raquel Amaro, Sara Mendes, Zuzana Chudíková, Lenka Cinková, Silvia Slaničková & Júlia Žitná. 2012. Dicionário Electrónico Português-Eslovaco/Eslovaco-Português, Centro de Linguística da Universidade de Lisboa e Instituto Português/Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Comenius, Bratislava. http://www.clul.ul.pt/clg/projectos/DicPT-SK.html e http://portugal.sk/slovnik/?l=sk.

 

2011

2010

2009


2007

2006

2005

  • Marrafa, Palmira, Raquel Amaro, Rui Pedro Chaves, Susana Lourosa, Catarina Martins & Sara Mendes (2005): "WordNet.PT - Uma Rede Léxico-conceptual do Português on-line", presented at XXI Encontro da Associação Portuguesa de Linguística, Oporto, Portugal.
  • Marrafa, Palmira & Heronides Moura (2005): "Portuguese Telic Causative Verbs", Proceedings of GL’2005 – 3rd International Workshop on Generative Approaches to the Lexicon, University of Geneva, Switzerland, pp. 144-149.
  • Marrafa, Palmira (2005): "Modelling Grammatical and Lexical Knowledge: A declarative Approah, in A. Gelbukh (ed.), Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing, Berlin, Springer-Verlag.
  • Marrafa, Palmira (2005): "The Representation of Complex Telic Predicates in WordNets: the Case of Lexical-Conceptual Structure Deficitary Verbs", Research on Computing Science, Vol. 12.

2004

  • Marrafa, Palmira (2004): Modelling Constituency and Predication in Portuguese, in Dias, M. Carmelita & V. Quental (orgs), Revista PaLavra, Vol. 12: Linguïstica Computacional.
  • Marrafa, Palmira (2004): "Computação de Ambiguidades Sintácticas: evidências em favor dos modelos baseados em conhecimento linguístico", IN COGNITO.
  • Ribeiro, Catarina, Ricardo Santos, João Correia, Rui Pedro Chaves & Palmira Marrafa (2004): "INQUER: A WordNet-based Question-Answering Application", Proceedings of LREC´2004, Lisbon, Portugal.
  • Ribeiro, Catarina, Ricardo Santos, Rui Pedro Chaves & Palmira Marrafa (2004): "Semi-Automatic UNL Dictionary Generation using WordNet.PT", Proceedings of LREC´2004, Lisbon, Portugal.
  • Marrafa, Palmira, Catarina Ribeiro, Ricardo Santos & João Correia, (2004): "Gathering Information from a Relational Lexical-Conceptual Database: a Natural Language Question-Answering System", Proceedings of SCI´2004 - 8th World Multi Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, Florida, USA.
  • Marrafa, Palmira, Catarina Ribeiro & Ricardo Santos (2004): "Para o Processamento da Linguagem Natural: Reutilização de Recursos Lexicais", Proceedings of CISCI´2004 - 3ra Conferencia Iberoamericana en Sistemas, Cibernética e Informática, Florida, USA.
  • Marrafa, Palmira (2004): "Extending WordNets to Implicit Information", Proceedings of LREC´2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

2003

  • Marrafa, P. (2003): "The Representation of Telic Complex Predicates in WordNets: the case of lexical conceptual structure deficitary Verbs", Proceedings of Convergences03, International Conference on the Convergence of Knowledge, Culture, Language and Information Technologies, Alexandria, Egypt.
  • Marrafa, P. (2003): "Rede Semântica dos Nomes em Português", Proceedings of III Coloquio International de Linguística Aplicada y Sociedad, Havana, Cuba.

2002

  • Marrafa, Palmira (2002): "The Portuguese WordNet: General Architecture and Semantic Internal Relations", DELTA.

2001

  • Marrafa, Palmira (2001): WordNet do Português - Uma base de dados de conhecimento linguístico, Instituto Camões.
  • Marrafa, Palmira & António Ribeiro (2001): "Quantitative Evaluation of Machine Translation Systems: Sentence Level", Proceedings of the MT Evaluation Workshop, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

1999

  • Marrafa, Palmira & Maria Antónia Mota (org.) (1999): Linguística Computacional: investigação fundamental e aplicações, Lisbon, APL/Edições Colibri.
  • Marrafa, Palmira (1999): "Predicados Télicos Descontínuos: Análise e Computação", in P. Marrafa & A. Mota (orgs.), Linguística Computacional: Investigação Fundamental e Aplicações, Lisbon, APL/Edições Colibri.
  • Branco, António & Palmira Marrafa (1999): "Long-Distance Reflexives and the Binding Square of Opposition", in G. Webelhuth, J. P. Koening & A. Kathol (eds.), in Lexical and Constructional Aspects of Linguistic Explanation, Standford, CSLI Publications.
  • Marrafa, Palmira, Amália Mendes & José Bettencourt Gonçalves (1999): "A Sintaxe do LE-PAROLE", in P. Marrafa & A. Mota (orgs.), Linguística Computacional: investigação fundamental e aplicações, Lisbon, APL/Edições Colibri

1998

  • Bacelar do Nascimento, F., P. Marrafa, L. Pereira, R. Ribeiro, R. Veloso & L. Wittman (1998): "LE-PAROLE: do corpus à modelização da informação lexical num sistema-multifunção", Actas do XIII Encontro Nacional da Associação Portuguesa de Linguística, Lisbon, FLUL.

1997

  • Marrafa, Palmira (1997): "Representação e Computação da Estrutura Conceptual das Construções Resultativas: uma abordagem lexicalista", in Livro de Homenagem ao Professor Óscar Lopes, Campo das Letras, Oporto.
  • Marrafa, Palmira (1997): "Resultativos em Português - Análise e Computação", in Mota, Jacyra (org.), 1 Congresso Internacional da Associação Brasileira de Lingüística (Salvador, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 1994), Atas, Vol II - comunicações, computorized edition, disk 2, Salvador, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Letras, Brazil.

1996

  • Branco, António & Palmira Marrafa (1996): "Subject-oriented and non-subject-oriented long-distance anaphora: an integrated approach", Proceedings of PACLIC11, Seul.
  • Marrafa, Palmira (1996): "Representação das Formas Predicativas Verbais do Português numa Base de Conhecimento Lexical", Anais do II Encontro para o Processamento Computacional de Português Escrito e Falado, XIII Simpósio de Inteligência Artificial SBIA´96, Curitiba, Brazil.
  • Marrafa, Palmira & Patrick Saint-Dizier (1996): "A System of Syntactic Contexts for the Construction of Verb Semantic Classes in French", in B. Perissinotto (ed.), Research in Computing for the Humanities, Vol.5, Oxford University Press.

1995

  • Daubèze, S., P. Saint-Dizier & P. Marrafa (1995): "Constructing a Knowledge Base for Describing the General Semantics of Verbs", Proceedings of ACH/ALLC´95 Conference, University of California, Santa Barbara.

1994

  • Marrafa, Palmira (1994): Predicação Secundária e Predicados Complexos em Português - Análise e Modelização. PhD dissertation in (Computational) Linguistics, Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa.
  • Marrafa, Palmira & Patrick Saint-Dizier (1994): "A Reversible Constraint-based Logic Grammar: Application to the Treatment of the Secundary Predication and Small Clauses", in T. Strzalkowski (eds.), Reversible Grammar in Natural Language Processing, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Kluwer Academic Publishers.

1991

  • Marrafa, Palmira (1991): "Predicações Secundárias e Ambiguidade Estrutural - Um sistema de Análise Automática: Um Instrumento do Ensino/Aprendizagem do Português Língua Estrangeira?", Actas do Seminário Internacional "Português Língua Estrangeira", Macau, Instituto Português do Oriente and Universidade da Ásia Oriental, China.
  • Marrafa, Palmira & Patrick Saint-Dizier(1991): "Reversibility in a Constraint and Type based Logic Grammar: Application to Secondary Predication", Proceedings of Reversible Grammar in Natural Language Processing Workshop, ACL´91, Berkeley, University of California.
  • Marrafa, Palmira (1991): "On Secondary Predication in Portuguese: Constituency and Computability", Proceedings of ACH/ALLC´91 Conference, Tempe, Arizona University, USA.

1989

  • Ambar, M., F. Eynde & P. Marrafa (1989): "Mood, Modal Verbs and Periphrastic Constructions", in Valentini & Stroup (eds.), EUROTRA Reference Manual 6.0, Luxemburgo, European Comission.

1985

  • Marrafa, Palmira (1985): A construção transitiva-predicativa, MA disseration, Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa.