Portuguese-based creoles of the Dravidian space: Diachrony and synchrony

Project PI
Hugo Cardoso

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This project studies the Portuguese-based Creoles which developed from the early 16th-century in the Dravidian-majority regions of Southern India and Eastern Sri Lanka – a subset of the Asian-Portuguese creoles which, despite having been the very first, remain understudied - from a diachronic and a synchronic perspective.


- Diachronic research involves the collection, edition and analysis of primary written sources produced in Portuguese, in South India, during and after Portuguese colonial rule


- Synchronic research involves the linguistic documentation and description of the surviving Dravido-Portuguese creoles of Kerala [India] and Eastern Sri Lanka




1. The production of annotated corpora of the Portuguese-based creoles of South India


          Oral Corpus of Cannanore Indo-Portuguese Creole (2006-2015) - available soon


          Oral Corpus of Cochin Indo-Portuguese Creole (2007-2010) - available soon


2. The production of an annotated corpus of the Portuguese-based creole of Sri Lanka


Research in Sri Lanka has resulted in a spin-off project dedicated entirely to the documentation of Sri Lanka Portuguese:

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3. Portuguese-language manuscripts from South India: Ernakulam Regional Archives




Collection and transcription of documents written in Portuguese (17th-19th centuries) - available soon

Project PI
Past members
Ana Krajinović